Thursday, May 21, 2020

The Reason Behind the Increase of Consumer Debt and...

The Reason Behind the Increase of Consumer Debt and Materialism Everywhere you go today, you see white ear buds sticking on people’s ears. There are millions of people (especially teenagers) that own iPods in America right now. I remember the first time I saw an iPod on TV from 50 Cents’ music video. I thought the gadget was really cool because of how much music it could hold in such a small size. Straight away, one would think that only upper middle class people would be able to own this. Now, everything has changed. Everyone has to have an iPod! My sister used to tell me how, during school, everywhere she would turn, every kid would have an â€Å"iPod† to listen to. A couple of weeks later, she got†¦show more content†¦Therefore, people receive â€Å"extra† money allowing them to spend and afford pleasing goods and services that they might otherwise not buy. With the flourishing economy and extra money available from people, they are more likely to get educated and at least complete high school. Studying employees at a large telecommunications company in Southeast, Schor found out that education is additionally a â€Å"very surprising variable† in consumption and shopping. Normally, we would think that a more educated person would be more likely to be an educated consumer. However, she found the opposite. The more well-informed one is, the higher the level of spending will be. According to Schor’s results, better educated people were more tied to the culture of upscale consuming. Education raises aspirations. For an example, a straight-A high school graduate student will most likely continue education on to an expensive high-class university. Typically, these students would reflect how they have worked so hard to be where they are that they deserve to be in a high class well-known school. And so, their ambitions escalate . Because of the economic prosperity, people are also given the chance to invent advanced technologies which have changed a great deal of our way of living through the years. Most of us today would think it’s impossible to live without the modern conveniencesShow MoreRelatedAffluenza in American Society1739 Words   |  7 Pageswith the disease it is difficult to be overthrown. Affluenza is characterized as an unhealthful connection with money, blown up hopes and tiresome efforts to keep up with the Joneses. Affluenza creates anxiety, bankruptcy, and becomes the reason of several problems in associations. Even though, there are some people who have unlike definitions for Affluenza. Many people find Affluenza to be a rich man s mental sickness and have responded by suggesting that the world has bigger problemsRead MoreThe Period of the Great Depression and Political Issues in America1767 Words   |  7 Pagesstart an argument of self-defense that could lead to war. Also, businessmen wanted to keep their goods in the U.S. so they raised tariffs on foreign imports which backfired since the British needed to sell their goods to the U.S. to pay off their war debts. It became a two way street and the European nations constructed walls with both sides suffering from economic distress. The stock market crash of 1929 gets the blame for the Great Depression but you have to look at the causes that existed in theRead Moreap us history dbq1672 Words   |  7 PagesWarren Harding and Calvin Coolidge? C.:-) â€Å"The business of government is business!† 21.The â€Å"Lost Generation† refers to C.:-) young writers disillusioned by the materialism, decadence, and conformity domination 1920s America 22.All of the following contributed to the Great Depression EXCEPT D.:-) lack of credit to help consumers sustain economic growth 23.The Smoot-Hawley Tariffs and other protectionist trade measures had the long-term effect of D.:-) sparking retaliatory measures fromRead MoreAmerican Culture And Its Impact On The Nation1509 Words   |  7 Pagesfor textbooks, for a semester, is obscene and criminal. Hoagland eloquently states, â€Å"Our national self-absorption (in which the focus seems more on trying to stay young than helping the young) may give capitalism a bad name. Simple hedonism and materialism was not the point of crossing the ocean. Our revolution was better than that. It was to paint the world anew† (299). No one is begrudgingly against a person or corporation making money, but when it gets pass narcissism it is a bit too much to dealRead MoreClass Structure in The Great Gatsby Essay1937 Words   |  8 PagesClass structure in the 1920s was synonymous to prejudice. The 1920s was known as a period of wild excess and great parties with excitement arising from the ashes of the wars in America’s history. It was a period in history where rapid materialism and narcissistic ideals grew uncontrollably, and it was the days where Jay Gatsby, illegally, rose to success. Having social classes was the same as segregation, except it was through economic standings, the two both instil injustice within social standardsRead MoreIs The American Dream Just A Myth? Essay2210 Words   |  9 Pagesin the past few decades, the American Dream has grown to become a myth since American citizens are not presented with equal opportunities in this regard. In the documentary ‘requiem for the American dream, -by Noam Chomsky, the narrator presents reasons why the American Dream is far from being attained, by describing ten principles why the American dream has not been attained so far. I am in complete agreement with Chomsky that the American dream has not been achieved. Noam presents issues that eachRead MoreConsumer Behaviour Towards Watches26763 Words   |  108 PagesPurchasing Luxury Goods: consumer behaviour of international students in the UK By SRICHAN SRIVIROJ 2007 A Dissertation presented in part consideration for the degree of MSc in International Business. i Acknowledgement I would like to express my deepest sense to my supervisor Dr. Nick Ellis for his patience, time, and guidance. I am also in debt for his valuable time in scrutinizing through this study, which could have never been accomplished without his excellence adviceRead MoreCultural Influences On Consumer Behavior4557 Words   |  19 PagesSubcultures Consumers identify with many groups that share common characteristics and identities. These groups that exist within a society are subcultures, and affiliation with them often gives marketers a valuable clue about individuals’ consumption decisions. An important part of the identity of these subcultures is clothing. Consumers’ feelings about their overall economic prospects, as well as the state of mind consumers have about their own personal situation, otherwise known as consumer confidenceRead MoreThe Psychology Of Money Is Important2195 Words   |  9 Pageslife. The more money you have the less limitations on the choices you must make. It just gives you that peace of mind. Money simply helps you keep your head above water. Additionally, money can help you live the life you want. Which is one of the reasons why it is considered power. Because with money you can live how you want to live and not worry about anything. With money, you just don’t care and all your worries that you once had without money diminish. Which is why some would say money can’tRead MoreThe Psychology Of Money Is Important2191 Words   |  9 Pageslife. The more money you have the less limitations on the choices you must make. It just gives you that peace of mind. Money simply helps you keep your head above water. Additionally, money can help you live the life you want. Which is one of the reasons why it is considered power. Because with money you can live how you want to live and not worry about anything. With money, you just don’t care and all your worries that you once had without money diminish. Which is why some would say money can’t

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Women s Influence On Women - 1669 Words

When searching for a definition to determine what the ideal woman is, one of the first thoughts to emerge is â€Å"What men want.† Throughout time it has been shown that women have only one purpose - to find themselves a husband and care for their family. This has been a standard set by society, making it almost impossible to extract away from this stereotype. There has been a fervor in recent years striving for change, women have began trying to make this change, but have made little to no progress due to the stereotype presence in media and literature. This creates not only a problem for women, but for men as well. Though not often spoken of, men too have been controlled by society’s influence. When searching for what the ideal man is, some†¦show more content†¦Their entire conversation revolves around women and what the two men have to go through to get their attention. Most men that actually care for a women would not speak in this manner, but they still s peak in the way society believes most men would. Their dialogue begins with them both explaining the falsehoods in their identities and Jack confessing his love for Gwendolyn. Through this exchange Algernon learns of Cecily Cardew. Like a typical man, Algernon begins fantasizing about her. This suits the stereotype that all men are looking for in a women is sex. Another reason why this situation between the two characters makes them look bad is because he knows nothing about her, but still acts as if he was in love with her. This is not the only conversation they have about women. Another is when Jack says, â€Å"My dear fellow, the truth isn’t quite the sort of thing one tells to a sweet, refined girl. What extraordinary ideas you have about the way to behave to a women† (Wilde 1610) Even though Gwendolyn and Jack’s relationship began with a lie, the subject is barely ever touched because it does not seem like a â€Å"big† deal. This gives off an impres sion to the readers that all men view women in this sort of way. They all believe women need to be lied to and need to be told things they want to hear in order to keep them happy. When Jack tries to speak to Gwendolyn about the truth, instead of telling her right there and then, heShow MoreRelatedWomen s Influence On Women1288 Words   |  6 Pagespeople perceive women. Society in the 1900s to today has made makeup a necessity for a woman to be considered feminine. Cosmetics were first used in America in 1888 by an unknown inventor from Philadelphia, and were trademarked under the name Mumm. During the early years of the 20th century, makeup became fashionable in the United States of America and Europe owing to the influence of ballet and theatre stars (Chaudhri and Jain 2.) Makeup began to flourish in America in the 1930s. Women used the mostRead MoreWomen s Influence On Women846 Words   |  4 Pagesrecent times, which influenced a new worldview. During the 1960s, the liberatio n movement pushed for egalitarianism for women. This movement really made an impact on woman. Women started to rebel against the normal sexual traditions. Additionally, women started to shy away from their traditional roles in the home. It is not uncommon now for women and men to share household duties. Women also uphold demanding jobs and profession in society now. These multiple roles affect the woman in many ways. For instanceRead MoreWomen s Influence On Women1004 Words   |  5 PagesAdvertising has been around since the 1850’s when Volney B. Palmer opened the first advertising agency in Philadelphia. From the beginning of this era, these ads have aided many businesses in promoting their products to the public but they don’t only promote these specific products. These advertisements promote what are thought to be social â€Å"norms† for women. They sell ideals for family, work, love, and the success that women are allowed to have. With all of this, they ai m to communicate how a womanRead MoreWomen s Influence On Women2148 Words   |  9 Pageseveryone but unfortunately that is not the case. Pressures make women believe that they are not considered beautiful if they do not have magazine model bodies or they don’t have the face structure of a celebrity or they do something different than the norm with their hair or they are too short. It really is not a wonder why women struggle to feel pretty every day. False impressions are being put in the minds of youth and public by media that women just can’t live up to and shouldn’t have to. It all startsRead MoreWomen s Influence On Women Essay2292 Words   |  10 PagesQuestion: â€Å"Women received the vote based on their contribution to the war effort†. How accurate is this view that women gained the vote based solely on war work? 20 marks Attitudes towards women in 1900 were very different from attitudes today. In 1900 women’s personality traits were traditionally that they were emotional, untruthful immature, and so they were seen unfit and unworthy of the vote by men at that time. Many historians argue that there were many factors which led women to receivingRead MoreWomen s Influence On Women1084 Words   |  5 Pagesthe lives of slave women during slavery in the Caribbean and the Southern parts of the USA. According to Deborah Gray White women has lost their identity, because the history of women has been based off of myth rather than the history of women (ar’n’t I a woman page 3). History is supposed to give people a clearly look into their past, but women believe that they have to prove their women hood; although, many women has proven this during slavery and all of their hard ships, women are still lookingRead MoreWomen s Influence On Women1599 Words   |  7 PagesDuring the 1920s, â₠¬Ëœ30s, and ‘40s, women were making extreme social progress. They were starting to wear more revealing clothing, cutting their hair shorter, and generally becoming more respected in society. When the 1950’s came, however, women seemed to backtrack. The ‘50s housewife is a common stereotype associated with these times because of the rapid increase of ‘stay at home’ mothers. It was now the women’s job to stay at home and clean, cook, and watch the children when the husband was at workRead MoreWomen s Influence On Women1167 Words   |  5 PagesA notion of women have changed through encounter of various European people. Before that, they have their original culture, especially women role in the society was characteristic among mid-seventeenth centry to eighteen century. At the beginning of the book, the author Gunlong Fur shows that women had important role in the Native American society of Lenape. Firstly, they had responsibility of cultivating food, like corn and other vegetables. At this point, women knew when they should sow seeds byRead MoreWomen s Influence On Women997 Words   |  4 PagesOn a regularly basis women are judged for their appearance everywhere they may go. Whether it is by other woman or men, there are always negative remarks said about women. This is usually the reason why woman chose to wear make, to feel better about themselves during every occasion and enhance and array the beauty they already have. Of course, it is not necessary for woman to wear, but woman still do it because it makes them feel better. It is a form of great art used to elevate the beauty each womanRead MoreWomen s Influence On Women Essay1385 Words   |  6 Pagesthat when a women desires something, no one can stop her.† Individuals, scholars, and groups concerned with human rights and feminism, often criticize Islam over the treatment of their women. Westerners, such as form er first lady, Laura Bush, began a social political crusade in the name of â€Å"saving Muslim women† from â€Å"deliberate human cruelty.† In literature, they were depicted as stubborn, unfaithful, fragile, whose actions were based on the fear of the male figure. In everyday life, women are faced

Impact of the European Economic Crisis Free Essays

What determines whether or not a resource is scarce? Why is the concept of scarcity important to the definition of economics? The determination of whether a resource is scarce is its supply in relation to demand such as land, labor capital and human capital. If there is not sufficient amount of resource to satisfy the demands, then resources are set to be scarce. On the other hand if supply exceeds it demand, then the resource is not scare not only that if the supply of a goods or service is low, the market price will rise, providing there is sufficient demand from consumers. We will write a custom essay sample on Impact of the European Economic Crisis or any similar topic only for you Order Now Goods and services that are in plentiful supply will have a lover market value because supply can easily meet the demand from consumer. However there is excess supply in a market, then we can expect to see price fall. The concept of scarcity is because in order to differentiate good in relation to the market, because of the scarcity of resources we need an economic system to determine where and who gets the resources. In capitalism it is the free market system that determines this. In socialism the government owns the resources and determines who gets them. . In the coordinate system of graphs, there are two main relationships between two variables. With the use of numerical examples, describe these two relationships. The two variables is positive means when two variables changes in the same direction and negative means when two variables changes in opposite directions, the relationship is when one variable rises the other variable falls. Positive relations is to say the I need to ex ercise 5 hrs a week to loss 2lbs so the next week I will have to work 10 hrs a week to loss 4lbs and 15 hrs to loss 6lbs so on. Negative is buy 1 CD for $5 and when you by three it is 10 so you will pay $3. 33 for one CD on so on . 3. Why is choice important in economics? What are the costs of choice? Choice is important in economics because of is the scarcity of goods in the marketplace. Scarcity means that goods are limited in the marketplace, and consumers must choose wisely which items they will purchase to meet their needs or wants. Consumers will place an internal value on goods they purchase partly based on the available amount of the good. Scarcer goods will force consumers to purchase these items first, making the economic choice easier for them. Cost choice is the value given up when choosing to purchase one item over another. The item not purchased represents an opportunity cost, the second-best item available, that the consumer lost purchasing a different item. For example you have to buy $100 worth of groceries but you only have 75, so you decide to forgo and buy the necessary basic food item that is needed like bread, milk, water, etc. The Role of Choice in Economics | How. com  http://www. ehow. com/about_5398568_role-choice-economics. html#ixzz1jBKaEUeF How to cite Impact of the European Economic Crisis, Papers

Saturday, April 25, 2020

The Great Gatsbys green light and American optimism Essay Example For Students

The Great Gatsbys green light and American optimism Essay Metaphorically, one’s life is a navigable boat, in working against the innumerable currents physical: inertia and entropic disorder; existential: the reality of death; and social: family (genetic and relational), race and class, along with the educational access which can define the dynamics of economic opportunity – they define, or have defined for them, their own green light. Such opportunities purportedly thrive on myths of meritocratic pluck and ingenuity, especially within the milieu of pseudo-capitalistic competition, as workers, entrepreneurs, speculators, and the like strive toward their attendant Green Lights. We will write a custom essay on The Great Gatsbys green light and American optimism specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now However, the complexities of these â€Å"currents† that Nick mentions intersect as the tremendous opportunity some call â€Å"American Exceptionalism†; in that the first new nation in the new world rooted on expressed, but illusory, concepts like individualism, egalitarianism, and laissez-faire (â€Å"American Exceptionalism†). These green light ideals are foundative elements in the novel. This milieu furnishes optimism and audacity, in that Gatsby â€Å" invented just the sort of Jay Gatsby that a seventeen year old boy would be likely to invent, and to this conception he was faithful to the end† (98). It’s within this observation that the American ideal of â€Å"starting over† is found. To generalize, the original seventeenth century settlers of North America were the old world’s Euro-Anglo rejects, those looking for a better Puritanical life in a â€Å"land o’ plenty†. This â€Å"starting over†, from the outset, was an antecedent that encapsulates the American idea of the Westerner. Colonialists moved west across the Atlantic, much like the trailblazing pioneers would, looking for opportunity, prosperity, and ultimately, identity and security, within a purposeful adventure. This is alluded to by Nick when he considers each of the characters, Daisy, Jordan, Gatsby, and himself, pondering their compulsion to recklessly hope as a geographic designation, â€Å" we possessed some deficiency in common which made us subtly unadaptable to Eastern life† (176). In venturing forth, one has to hope and dream, uniting a sense of pragmatism that leverages the initial inspiration provoked by the Green Light. This, in a sense, is the Westernized cowboy clarity that not only discerns the Green Light, but never sees it extinguished. At the risk of sounding like promotional material for the spirited innovation of American business magnates and technophiles, the green light may dim or flicker, but it remains the principal glimpsed beacon of American dreamers In post Great War Long Island, we find the same obligatory hope throttling within each of Fitzgerald’s characters. Such romanticized optimism is dangerous in that it can also be found in the post-World War II era of baby booming prosperity, which brought on the Pax Americana trappings of empire, decadence, and constant wealth pursuit that was the seedbed of the counterculture’s reaction to conformity. These parallels aren’t unusual, as The Great Gatsby’s themes are distinctly present throughout certain undulations of American history. The hope Nick’s left with at novel’s end isn’t the peppery certainty that seemingly defined the post-civil war Gilded Age tales of Horatio Alger. Within the fantastical social mobility and grandiose dreams of Alger’s world is a commodified unreality. Nick has found the shallow and reactive chimera of Gatsby’s world bankrupt, and in the aftermath, he surveys America and experiences empathy. â€Å"I couldn’t forgive him or like him, but I saw that what he had done was, to him, entirely justified. It was all very careless and confused. They were careless people, Tom and Daisy – they smashed things up and creatures and then retreated back into their money or their vast carelessness, or whatever it was that kept them together, and let other people clean up the mess they had made† (179). One finds the roles of American financiers and the cultural and governmental endorsements that brought the world to financial ruin four years ago. .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302 , .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302 .postImageUrl , .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302 , .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302:hover , .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302:visited , .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302:active { border:0!important; } .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302:active , .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302 .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Economic Reasons For American Independence EssayAnd yet despite such calamity, the green light embodies a human relation to memory and history, the limits within an individual and without. These limits are best embodied by Gatsby’s death and its relation to doomed business ventures (a cautionary tale? ), not to mention Daisy’s disappearance. The Green Light shines to Nick from its distant vantage, providing a meaningful meditation on life and death that only came as a result of the novel’s journey. At the risk of producing New Age brochure fodder, there’s a distinct futility within the ceaseless craving and striving that defines not just Americans like Gatsby, Nick, and Daisy, but humans everywhere. But especially Americans, in that the environment encourages an incessant drive to reach and realize an idyllic elsewhere of plenty, constancy, and prosperous, envious security that Fitzgerald understood and may have succumbed to. As for the rest of us humble and voracious Americans, the Green Light is a reminder that we can always compensate for past deprivations with the glow of our forgiving futures. Works Cited Declaration of Independence. Ushistory. org. Ed. Thomas Kindig. Independence Hall Association, N. D. Web. 29 June 2012 http;//www. ushisory. org/declaration/document/ Fitzgerald, Scott. The Great Gatsby. New York: Scribner, 1925. Print American Exceptionalism. Wikipedia Foundation. 7 June 2012. 29 June 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/american_exceptionalism.

Wednesday, March 18, 2020

Please, Please Do Your Homework Before Pitching

Please, Please Do Your Homework Before Pitching Frequently I receive emails from prospective writers asking what I seek for FundsforWriters. Some go as far as to ask what I pay, how I pay, and how quickly I pay without so much as a hint to what they propose to write. While I know cultures change from country to country, even state to state, the fact is its rather presumptuous to ask how youre going to get paid before you demonstrate youre a writer. If you wish to pitch a magazine, website, newsletter, anthology or prospective client, please do the following first: 1) Read up all you can on the entity before you make a connection. If its a magazine, study the ads, the old articles, and the masthead to see how many articles are usually written in-staff versus freelance. And if they have guidelines, 2) Have a website or blog that demonstrates who you are and what you are capable of doing. 3) Know what youd like to pitch to the publication after understanding what they need. When you pitch, do NOT say the following: 1) You are a new writer seeking to break in. 2) You want to know how and when youll get paid. 3) You want the editor to tell you what to write. 4) You cannot find the guidelines. 5) You are retired, a student, a stay-at-home mom, disabled, a PhD candidate, etc. unless that has everything to do with what you are pitching. Its all about the article and your experience in writing THAT article, not your lifes history or ID. When you pitch, the editor absolutely wants the following: 1) A memo to them personally, not the team, or the editor, or to whom it may concern. 2) A pitch for a story that matches the publication perfectly. 3) Enough

Sunday, March 1, 2020

Access and access to

Access and access to â€Å"Access† and â€Å"access to† â€Å"Access† and â€Å"access to† By Maeve Maddox The following excerpt is from an article on telephone fraud: The senior citizen, a man in his late 70s, is embarrassed and doesn’t want to talk about it. And, relatives are scrambling to make sure the crook doesn’t access to his bank account. When access is used as a verb, it does not require a â€Å"to† after it. access: verb. To gain access to (data, etc., held in a computer or computer-based system, or the system itself) access: noun. The state or faculty of being approached; accessibility. As a verb, access is transitive; it has a receiver. It should be followed by the noun or pronoun that is its direct object: Children can access the internet at school. In this way you can access the database. We want to make sure that the crook cannot access the old man’s bank account. When used as a noun, access is followed by a prepositional phrase beginning with â€Å"to.† The students have access to all the film databases. This ticket grants access to the flower show. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Grammar category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:100 Idioms About NumbersYay, Hooray, Woo-hoo and Other AcclamationsAffect vs. Effect

Friday, February 14, 2020

Object Oriented Programming Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 words

Object Oriented Programming - Research Paper Example The research paper "Object Oriented Programming" talks about main concepts and principles of the object oriented programming paradigm and about its application to computer software or computer applications design. In OOP, the represented objects have specific data fields such as rows and columns in the design of databases. These fields are used in OPP as characteristics of an object that is presented through a programming language with object oriented attributes. In addition, objects within object oriented programming are represented via specified methods or procedures which are used to ensure that these objects are orderly and consistent depending on the purpose of the design or programming. When programmers design computer software or computer applications, they achieve this by methods which cause objects to relate or interact with one another. Each object in this form of interaction is referred to as an instance of a particular class of objects. Classes in OOP represent concepts. For example â€Å"Girl† is a class within which the aforementioned objects fall. This illustrates that a class is used to capture the properties that are shared by objects in the process of object oriented programming. Therefore, classes are normally instantiated from the objects that are represented by a program design. In OOP, classes are visible within the source code of the program and this code is normally not duplicated. Also objects play the role of activating a program that is currently running as a result they occupy memory locations. Furthermore, a set of operations as presented within the class are owned by objects which means that objects in OOP own a copy of specific data that is held within the program. When a specific class within a program is a subtype of another higher level or general class, the subtype class in OOP is said to be inherited from the general class (Hadar and Uri 43). The subclass therefore inherits both member functions and the data members of the base class. In object oriented programming, inheritance particularly refers to the method of reusing a specific code that is held by various objects with an aim of establishing a lower level or subtype class below a general class. The creation of subtypes however depends on the supporting platform of the programming language that is used to design or program the application. The general classes in inheritance are referred to as base classes and it is from these classes that the subtype classes inherit various attributes. Base classes are also referred to as parent classes or super classes (Pefkaros 219). The subclasses that are derived from the parent classes are therefore referred to as child classes or derived classes. This illustrates that the patent and child classes are related within a structure which leads to a hierarchy. Encapsulation is a concept and principle in object oriented programming in which the designer of a program hides the manner in which an object behaves from the approach of implementation. Encapsulation also includes separation of the looks of an object or it appearance from the methods through which its behavior is implemented. Encapsulation emanates from the fact that objects within a program have well defined interfaces (Ramsin and Richard 31). These are the publicly accessible methods and fields. Therefore when information about objects is hidden below or behind a specific interface, it is then said that the design of a program has implemented encapsulation. This situation is also referred to as information hiding. It therefore is notable that in object oriented programming, programmers use interfaces as the most effective way through which behavior of objects are