Monday, August 24, 2020

What is enlightenment?

In the event that the brain really makes observation, this achieves the inquiry whether the result has anything to do with the world, or assuming this is the case, what level. The reaction to the inquiry, obscure, befuddling or abnormal as it seemed to be, raised for ceaseless hell both in Kant's thought and for a descendants attempting to make sense of him. To the point that information completely relies upon the association of the psyche and not on the world, information would have no association with the world and isn't accurate portrayal, only a solipsistic or intersubjective dream. Kantianism looks undermined with the regulation that we know in our own brain science, not outside things. Kant stated, in reliable with psychologism that we fundamentally don't think about things as they exist separated from recognition. Simultaneously Kant thought he was attempting to protect both a logical authenticity, where science truly knows the world, and an ethical authenticity, where there is target moral commitment, for the two of which an association with outside presence is basic for edification. Kant accepted that objective structure of the psyche mirrors the sane structure of the world, even of things-in-themselves that the working arrangement of the processor, through present day relationship, coordinated the working arrangement of the real world. In any case, Kant had no genuine contention for this, that is, the thoughts of reason simply become hypothesizes of ethical quality just as his framework leaves it as something which is unproved. The oddities of the endeavors of Kant to accommodate a portion of his clashing methodologies and necessities made it extremely hard for the scholars who came later to pay attention to the general framework. Regardless, Kant does a wide range of things that appear to be generally proper for a non-reductionistic philosophical framework and that later way of thinking experiences experienced issues doing by any means. Kant had the option to give, in exceptional reality, for a circle for science that was unmistakable and separate from whatever would wind up identifying with illumination. The unending disarray just as struggle which despite everything results from individuals attempting to make sense of whether or edification should fit together is completely stayed away from by Kant, who can say, for example, that God and heavenly creation can't be a piece of any genuinely logical hypothesis because of the reality both include unconditioned real factors, while science can just arrangement with adapted real factors. On the planet, everything influences some other thing, yet God is liberated from any outside causal impacts. Simultaneously, Kant can be an amazing determinist with science but then at the same time take into consideration opportunity and that such that won't be totally intelligible to us, a temperance when the general thought of a levelheaded and purposive opportunity, and abstract decisions, yet in addition has included obscurities that nobody has had the option to edify. Kant's hypothesis attempts to forestall mental clarifications for conduct, anyway edifying, being utilized to pardon moral duty and responsibility. Therefore, the shocking adolescence of the respondent, as much as it might be contacting and justifiable, can't, somewhat, pardon wrongdoings submitted in full information on their criticalness (Kant 94). The methodology utilized by Kant is likewise of near intrigue in view of the comparable old Pastors philosophical differentiation between adapted real factors, that for the most part implies that the universe of experience, and unconditioned real factors, which strikingly incorporate, the circle of salvation, yet in addition space, which obviously for Kant was a structure forced from the earlier on experience by the psyche. The issues which must be sifted through with Kant are simultaneously imposing. Most vital is the disarray which results from Kant combining two totally various speculations in the Critique of Pure Reason. The main hypothesis clarifies that the basic movement of the psyche which is alluded to as amalgamation, is an action of thought which applies certain ideas to a formerly given perceptual datum as a matter of fact.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Womens Rights in Afghanistan Essay Example

Womens Rights in Afghanistan Essay On September 27, 1996, the Taliban held onto control of the capital of Afghanistan, Kabul, and viciously dove the involved regions of Afghanistan into a severe condition of sexual orientation politically-sanctioned racial segregation in which ladies and young ladies have been deprived of their essential human rights(The Taliban Afghan Women 1).In 1997, Taliban Deputy Foreign Minister Sher Abbas Stanakzai recognized that suppression of ladies was a political apparatus to solidify power. Our present limitations of ladies are essential so as to manage the Afghan individuals, he said. We need these limitations until individuals figure out how to comply with the Taliban.(Afghanistans Women Today 1-2). The administration of Afghanistan is pursuing a war upon women.The circumstance is getting so awful that one individual in an article of the occasions contrasted the treatment of ladies there with the treatment of Jews in pre-Holocaust Poland (Barbara Mikkelson). The developing war in Afghan istan has additionally endangered the effectively unsafe existences of Afghan women.For the majority of the previous 25 years, Afghan ladies have endured shock upon shock as political flimsiness, outfitted clash and savagery washed over their tough nation. A large number of Afghan ladies, kids and old have fled their homes. The present air strikes have intensified conditions, obliterating streets and administrations previously crushed by starvation, seismic tremors and three years of drought.(Afghanistans Women Today). Afghan ladies, who had been most of the countrys workforce and of its populace, were banned from work outside the home and disallowed from going to auxiliary school, driving vehicles or showing up out in the open without male escorts and the all-covering burqa.Women were put under house capture, denied of social insurance and training, and made absolutely subordinate upon male family members, enduring beatings, rape or even execution on the off chance that they damage d the bans(Afghanistan;s Women Today).

Friday, July 17, 2020

5 Common OCD Alternative Treatments and Therapies

5 Common OCD Alternative Treatments and Therapies More in OCD Treatment Causes Symptoms and Diagnosis Types Living With OCD Related Conditions Although there are currently a number of effective medical and psychological treatments for obsessive-compulsive disorder  (OCD), these treatments dont work for everyone. As such, there has been great interest in developing new treatments for OCD or using new methods to improve the effectiveness of existing treatments.   St. Johns Wort Alternative medicines such as herbal remedies have been growing in popularity in both Europe and North America. Many people with anxiety disorders such as OCD have tried alternative therapies at one time or another. One of the most common herbal remedies for anxiety is St. Johns Wort. Because antidepressants that target the serotonin system, such as Paxil (paroxetine) and Anafranil (clomipramine), are effective in treating OCD, it has been suggested that St. Johns Wort, which is said to also have natural antidepressant qualities, could be an alternative therapy for reducing OCD symptoms. Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, or rTMS, is a relatively non-invasive procedure that has received considerable attention as a possible alternative treatment to reduce OCD symptoms. Repetitive TMS involves placing a small device directly on the skull. This sealed device contains a coil of wire that carries electricity. The flow of electricity through the device causes cells in the brain called neurons to become either more or less active. The activity level of neurons has been linked to symptoms of mental illness like OCD. Supplementing Behavior Therapy With D-cycloserine   Psychotherapeutic techniques such as exposure and response prevention therapy  (ERP) are highly effective in treating symptoms of OCD. However, these treatments do not always work for everyone. Also, the challenging nature of behavior therapy and the associated cost cause many people to decline or drop out of treatment. Given this, there has been a lot of interest in identifying ways that behavior therapy can be made both more effective and accessible for more people. One possibility may be to supplement behavior therapy with medication. A medication that has generated a lot of interest with respect to this is the drug D-cycloserine. Exercise and OCD We all know that  aerobic exercise  has great physical benefits, including reduced cholesterol levels and lowered risk of heart disease and diabetes. Now there is significant evidence that physical activity may also help to reduce symptoms of mental illness. Indeed, it is now known that aerobic exercise can be used therapeutically to improve mild to moderate symptoms of depression, as well as reduce overall stress and anxiety levels. Recently, preliminary studies have also examined whether aerobic exercise is helpful in reducing the severity of OCD symptoms. Deep Brain Stimulation for OCD Although a number of medications and psychological therapies are available to treat OCD, it has been estimated that between 25% and 40% of people will not respond satisfactorily to these traditional treatments. In the past 20 years, the development of sophisticated brain imaging technologies, such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (FMRI), has led to explosive growth in our knowledge of the inner workings of the brain. Results of these investigations have begun to explain the biological and anatomical basis of OCD. In particular, these studies have suggested that treatments targeting specific circuits in the brain could be helpful in reducing OCD symptoms in those people who have severe symptoms and do not respond to traditional treatment. Deep brain stimulation may offer such alternative treatment. Find Relief With the 9 Best Online Therapy Programs

Thursday, May 21, 2020

The Reason Behind the Increase of Consumer Debt and...

The Reason Behind the Increase of Consumer Debt and Materialism Everywhere you go today, you see white ear buds sticking on people’s ears. There are millions of people (especially teenagers) that own iPods in America right now. I remember the first time I saw an iPod on TV from 50 Cents’ music video. I thought the gadget was really cool because of how much music it could hold in such a small size. Straight away, one would think that only upper middle class people would be able to own this. Now, everything has changed. Everyone has to have an iPod! My sister used to tell me how, during school, everywhere she would turn, every kid would have an â€Å"iPod† to listen to. A couple of weeks later, she got†¦show more content†¦Therefore, people receive â€Å"extra† money allowing them to spend and afford pleasing goods and services that they might otherwise not buy. With the flourishing economy and extra money available from people, they are more likely to get educated and at least complete high school. Studying employees at a large telecommunications company in Southeast, Schor found out that education is additionally a â€Å"very surprising variable† in consumption and shopping. Normally, we would think that a more educated person would be more likely to be an educated consumer. However, she found the opposite. The more well-informed one is, the higher the level of spending will be. According to Schor’s results, better educated people were more tied to the culture of upscale consuming. Education raises aspirations. For an example, a straight-A high school graduate student will most likely continue education on to an expensive high-class university. Typically, these students would reflect how they have worked so hard to be where they are that they deserve to be in a high class well-known school. And so, their ambitions escalate . Because of the economic prosperity, people are also given the chance to invent advanced technologies which have changed a great deal of our way of living through the years. Most of us today would think it’s impossible to live without the modern conveniencesShow MoreRelatedAffluenza in American Society1739 Words   |  7 Pageswith the disease it is difficult to be overthrown. Affluenza is characterized as an unhealthful connection with money, blown up hopes and tiresome efforts to keep up with the Joneses. Affluenza creates anxiety, bankruptcy, and becomes the reason of several problems in associations. Even though, there are some people who have unlike definitions for Affluenza. Many people find Affluenza to be a rich man s mental sickness and have responded by suggesting that the world has bigger problemsRead MoreThe Period of the Great Depression and Political Issues in America1767 Words   |  7 Pagesstart an argument of self-defense that could lead to war. Also, businessmen wanted to keep their goods in the U.S. so they raised tariffs on foreign imports which backfired since the British needed to sell their goods to the U.S. to pay off their war debts. It became a two way street and the European nations constructed walls with both sides suffering from economic distress. The stock market crash of 1929 gets the blame for the Great Depression but you have to look at the causes that existed in theRead Moreap us history dbq1672 Words   |  7 PagesWarren Harding and Calvin Coolidge? C.:-) â€Å"The business of government is business!† 21.The â€Å"Lost Generation† refers to C.:-) young writers disillusioned by the materialism, decadence, and conformity domination 1920s America 22.All of the following contributed to the Great Depression EXCEPT D.:-) lack of credit to help consumers sustain economic growth 23.The Smoot-Hawley Tariffs and other protectionist trade measures had the long-term effect of D.:-) sparking retaliatory measures fromRead MoreAmerican Culture And Its Impact On The Nation1509 Words   |  7 Pagesfor textbooks, for a semester, is obscene and criminal. Hoagland eloquently states, â€Å"Our national self-absorption (in which the focus seems more on trying to stay young than helping the young) may give capitalism a bad name. Simple hedonism and materialism was not the point of crossing the ocean. Our revolution was better than that. It was to paint the world anew† (299). No one is begrudgingly against a person or corporation making money, but when it gets pass narcissism it is a bit too much to dealRead MoreClass Structure in The Great Gatsby Essay1937 Words   |  8 PagesClass structure in the 1920s was synonymous to prejudice. The 1920s was known as a period of wild excess and great parties with excitement arising from the ashes of the wars in America’s history. It was a period in history where rapid materialism and narcissistic ideals grew uncontrollably, and it was the days where Jay Gatsby, illegally, rose to success. Having social classes was the same as segregation, except it was through economic standings, the two both instil injustice within social standardsRead MoreIs The American Dream Just A Myth? Essay2210 Words   |  9 Pagesin the past few decades, the American Dream has grown to become a myth since American citizens are not presented with equal opportunities in this regard. In the documentary ‘requiem for the American dream, -by Noam Chomsky, the narrator presents reasons why the American Dream is far from being attained, by describing ten principles why the American dream has not been attained so far. I am in complete agreement with Chomsky that the American dream has not been achieved. Noam presents issues that eachRead MoreConsumer Behaviour Towards Watches26763 Words   |  108 PagesPurchasing Luxury Goods: consumer behaviour of international students in the UK By SRICHAN SRIVIROJ 2007 A Dissertation presented in part consideration for the degree of MSc in International Business. i Acknowledgement I would like to express my deepest sense to my supervisor Dr. Nick Ellis for his patience, time, and guidance. I am also in debt for his valuable time in scrutinizing through this study, which could have never been accomplished without his excellence adviceRead MoreCultural Influences On Consumer Behavior4557 Words   |  19 PagesSubcultures Consumers identify with many groups that share common characteristics and identities. These groups that exist within a society are subcultures, and affiliation with them often gives marketers a valuable clue about individuals’ consumption decisions. An important part of the identity of these subcultures is clothing. Consumers’ feelings about their overall economic prospects, as well as the state of mind consumers have about their own personal situation, otherwise known as consumer confidenceRead MoreThe Psychology Of Money Is Important2195 Words   |  9 Pageslife. The more money you have the less limitations on the choices you must make. It just gives you that peace of mind. Money simply helps you keep your head above water. Additionally, money can help you live the life you want. Which is one of the reasons why it is considered power. Because with money you can live how you want to live and not worry about anything. With money, you just don’t care and all your worries that you once had without money diminish. Which is why some would say money can’tRead MoreThe Psychology Of Money Is Important2191 Words   |  9 Pageslife. The more money you have the less limitations on the choices you must make. It just gives you that peace of mind. Money simply helps you keep your head above water. Additionally, money can help you live the life you want. Which is one of the reasons why it is considered power. Because with money you can live how you want to live and not worry about anything. With money, you just don’t care and all your worries that you once had without money diminish. Which is why some would say money can’t

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Women s Influence On Women - 1669 Words

When searching for a definition to determine what the ideal woman is, one of the first thoughts to emerge is â€Å"What men want.† Throughout time it has been shown that women have only one purpose - to find themselves a husband and care for their family. This has been a standard set by society, making it almost impossible to extract away from this stereotype. There has been a fervor in recent years striving for change, women have began trying to make this change, but have made little to no progress due to the stereotype presence in media and literature. This creates not only a problem for women, but for men as well. Though not often spoken of, men too have been controlled by society’s influence. When searching for what the ideal man is, some†¦show more content†¦Their entire conversation revolves around women and what the two men have to go through to get their attention. Most men that actually care for a women would not speak in this manner, but they still s peak in the way society believes most men would. Their dialogue begins with them both explaining the falsehoods in their identities and Jack confessing his love for Gwendolyn. Through this exchange Algernon learns of Cecily Cardew. Like a typical man, Algernon begins fantasizing about her. This suits the stereotype that all men are looking for in a women is sex. Another reason why this situation between the two characters makes them look bad is because he knows nothing about her, but still acts as if he was in love with her. This is not the only conversation they have about women. Another is when Jack says, â€Å"My dear fellow, the truth isn’t quite the sort of thing one tells to a sweet, refined girl. What extraordinary ideas you have about the way to behave to a women† (Wilde 1610) Even though Gwendolyn and Jack’s relationship began with a lie, the subject is barely ever touched because it does not seem like a â€Å"big† deal. This gives off an impres sion to the readers that all men view women in this sort of way. They all believe women need to be lied to and need to be told things they want to hear in order to keep them happy. When Jack tries to speak to Gwendolyn about the truth, instead of telling her right there and then, heShow MoreRelatedWomen s Influence On Women1288 Words   |  6 Pagespeople perceive women. Society in the 1900s to today has made makeup a necessity for a woman to be considered feminine. Cosmetics were first used in America in 1888 by an unknown inventor from Philadelphia, and were trademarked under the name Mumm. During the early years of the 20th century, makeup became fashionable in the United States of America and Europe owing to the influence of ballet and theatre stars (Chaudhri and Jain 2.) Makeup began to flourish in America in the 1930s. Women used the mostRead MoreWomen s Influence On Women846 Words   |  4 Pagesrecent times, which influenced a new worldview. During the 1960s, the liberatio n movement pushed for egalitarianism for women. This movement really made an impact on woman. Women started to rebel against the normal sexual traditions. Additionally, women started to shy away from their traditional roles in the home. It is not uncommon now for women and men to share household duties. Women also uphold demanding jobs and profession in society now. These multiple roles affect the woman in many ways. For instanceRead MoreWomen s Influence On Women1004 Words   |  5 PagesAdvertising has been around since the 1850’s when Volney B. Palmer opened the first advertising agency in Philadelphia. From the beginning of this era, these ads have aided many businesses in promoting their products to the public but they don’t only promote these specific products. These advertisements promote what are thought to be social â€Å"norms† for women. They sell ideals for family, work, love, and the success that women are allowed to have. With all of this, they ai m to communicate how a womanRead MoreWomen s Influence On Women2148 Words   |  9 Pageseveryone but unfortunately that is not the case. Pressures make women believe that they are not considered beautiful if they do not have magazine model bodies or they don’t have the face structure of a celebrity or they do something different than the norm with their hair or they are too short. It really is not a wonder why women struggle to feel pretty every day. False impressions are being put in the minds of youth and public by media that women just can’t live up to and shouldn’t have to. It all startsRead MoreWomen s Influence On Women Essay2292 Words   |  10 PagesQuestion: â€Å"Women received the vote based on their contribution to the war effort†. How accurate is this view that women gained the vote based solely on war work? 20 marks Attitudes towards women in 1900 were very different from attitudes today. In 1900 women’s personality traits were traditionally that they were emotional, untruthful immature, and so they were seen unfit and unworthy of the vote by men at that time. Many historians argue that there were many factors which led women to receivingRead MoreWomen s Influence On Women1084 Words   |  5 Pagesthe lives of slave women during slavery in the Caribbean and the Southern parts of the USA. According to Deborah Gray White women has lost their identity, because the history of women has been based off of myth rather than the history of women (ar’n’t I a woman page 3). History is supposed to give people a clearly look into their past, but women believe that they have to prove their women hood; although, many women has proven this during slavery and all of their hard ships, women are still lookingRead MoreWomen s Influence On Women1599 Words   |  7 PagesDuring the 1920s, â₠¬Ëœ30s, and ‘40s, women were making extreme social progress. They were starting to wear more revealing clothing, cutting their hair shorter, and generally becoming more respected in society. When the 1950’s came, however, women seemed to backtrack. The ‘50s housewife is a common stereotype associated with these times because of the rapid increase of ‘stay at home’ mothers. It was now the women’s job to stay at home and clean, cook, and watch the children when the husband was at workRead MoreWomen s Influence On Women1167 Words   |  5 PagesA notion of women have changed through encounter of various European people. Before that, they have their original culture, especially women role in the society was characteristic among mid-seventeenth centry to eighteen century. At the beginning of the book, the author Gunlong Fur shows that women had important role in the Native American society of Lenape. Firstly, they had responsibility of cultivating food, like corn and other vegetables. At this point, women knew when they should sow seeds byRead MoreWomen s Influence On Women997 Words   |  4 PagesOn a regularly basis women are judged for their appearance everywhere they may go. Whether it is by other woman or men, there are always negative remarks said about women. This is usually the reason why woman chose to wear make, to feel better about themselves during every occasion and enhance and array the beauty they already have. Of course, it is not necessary for woman to wear, but woman still do it because it makes them feel better. It is a form of great art used to elevate the beauty each womanRead MoreWomen s Influence On Women Essay1385 Words   |  6 Pagesthat when a women desires something, no one can stop her.† Individuals, scholars, and groups concerned with human rights and feminism, often criticize Islam over the treatment of their women. Westerners, such as form er first lady, Laura Bush, began a social political crusade in the name of â€Å"saving Muslim women† from â€Å"deliberate human cruelty.† In literature, they were depicted as stubborn, unfaithful, fragile, whose actions were based on the fear of the male figure. In everyday life, women are faced

Impact of the European Economic Crisis Free Essays

What determines whether or not a resource is scarce? Why is the concept of scarcity important to the definition of economics? The determination of whether a resource is scarce is its supply in relation to demand such as land, labor capital and human capital. If there is not sufficient amount of resource to satisfy the demands, then resources are set to be scarce. On the other hand if supply exceeds it demand, then the resource is not scare not only that if the supply of a goods or service is low, the market price will rise, providing there is sufficient demand from consumers. We will write a custom essay sample on Impact of the European Economic Crisis or any similar topic only for you Order Now Goods and services that are in plentiful supply will have a lover market value because supply can easily meet the demand from consumer. However there is excess supply in a market, then we can expect to see price fall. The concept of scarcity is because in order to differentiate good in relation to the market, because of the scarcity of resources we need an economic system to determine where and who gets the resources. In capitalism it is the free market system that determines this. In socialism the government owns the resources and determines who gets them. . In the coordinate system of graphs, there are two main relationships between two variables. With the use of numerical examples, describe these two relationships. The two variables is positive means when two variables changes in the same direction and negative means when two variables changes in opposite directions, the relationship is when one variable rises the other variable falls. Positive relations is to say the I need to ex ercise 5 hrs a week to loss 2lbs so the next week I will have to work 10 hrs a week to loss 4lbs and 15 hrs to loss 6lbs so on. Negative is buy 1 CD for $5 and when you by three it is 10 so you will pay $3. 33 for one CD on so on . 3. Why is choice important in economics? What are the costs of choice? Choice is important in economics because of is the scarcity of goods in the marketplace. Scarcity means that goods are limited in the marketplace, and consumers must choose wisely which items they will purchase to meet their needs or wants. Consumers will place an internal value on goods they purchase partly based on the available amount of the good. Scarcer goods will force consumers to purchase these items first, making the economic choice easier for them. Cost choice is the value given up when choosing to purchase one item over another. The item not purchased represents an opportunity cost, the second-best item available, that the consumer lost purchasing a different item. For example you have to buy $100 worth of groceries but you only have 75, so you decide to forgo and buy the necessary basic food item that is needed like bread, milk, water, etc. The Role of Choice in Economics | How. com  http://www. ehow. com/about_5398568_role-choice-economics. html#ixzz1jBKaEUeF How to cite Impact of the European Economic Crisis, Papers

Saturday, April 25, 2020

The Great Gatsbys green light and American optimism Essay Example For Students

The Great Gatsbys green light and American optimism Essay Metaphorically, one’s life is a navigable boat, in working against the innumerable currents physical: inertia and entropic disorder; existential: the reality of death; and social: family (genetic and relational), race and class, along with the educational access which can define the dynamics of economic opportunity – they define, or have defined for them, their own green light. Such opportunities purportedly thrive on myths of meritocratic pluck and ingenuity, especially within the milieu of pseudo-capitalistic competition, as workers, entrepreneurs, speculators, and the like strive toward their attendant Green Lights. We will write a custom essay on The Great Gatsbys green light and American optimism specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now However, the complexities of these â€Å"currents† that Nick mentions intersect as the tremendous opportunity some call â€Å"American Exceptionalism†; in that the first new nation in the new world rooted on expressed, but illusory, concepts like individualism, egalitarianism, and laissez-faire (â€Å"American Exceptionalism†). These green light ideals are foundative elements in the novel. This milieu furnishes optimism and audacity, in that Gatsby â€Å" invented just the sort of Jay Gatsby that a seventeen year old boy would be likely to invent, and to this conception he was faithful to the end† (98). It’s within this observation that the American ideal of â€Å"starting over† is found. To generalize, the original seventeenth century settlers of North America were the old world’s Euro-Anglo rejects, those looking for a better Puritanical life in a â€Å"land o’ plenty†. This â€Å"starting over†, from the outset, was an antecedent that encapsulates the American idea of the Westerner. Colonialists moved west across the Atlantic, much like the trailblazing pioneers would, looking for opportunity, prosperity, and ultimately, identity and security, within a purposeful adventure. This is alluded to by Nick when he considers each of the characters, Daisy, Jordan, Gatsby, and himself, pondering their compulsion to recklessly hope as a geographic designation, â€Å" we possessed some deficiency in common which made us subtly unadaptable to Eastern life† (176). In venturing forth, one has to hope and dream, uniting a sense of pragmatism that leverages the initial inspiration provoked by the Green Light. This, in a sense, is the Westernized cowboy clarity that not only discerns the Green Light, but never sees it extinguished. At the risk of sounding like promotional material for the spirited innovation of American business magnates and technophiles, the green light may dim or flicker, but it remains the principal glimpsed beacon of American dreamers In post Great War Long Island, we find the same obligatory hope throttling within each of Fitzgerald’s characters. Such romanticized optimism is dangerous in that it can also be found in the post-World War II era of baby booming prosperity, which brought on the Pax Americana trappings of empire, decadence, and constant wealth pursuit that was the seedbed of the counterculture’s reaction to conformity. These parallels aren’t unusual, as The Great Gatsby’s themes are distinctly present throughout certain undulations of American history. The hope Nick’s left with at novel’s end isn’t the peppery certainty that seemingly defined the post-civil war Gilded Age tales of Horatio Alger. Within the fantastical social mobility and grandiose dreams of Alger’s world is a commodified unreality. Nick has found the shallow and reactive chimera of Gatsby’s world bankrupt, and in the aftermath, he surveys America and experiences empathy. â€Å"I couldn’t forgive him or like him, but I saw that what he had done was, to him, entirely justified. It was all very careless and confused. They were careless people, Tom and Daisy – they smashed things up and creatures and then retreated back into their money or their vast carelessness, or whatever it was that kept them together, and let other people clean up the mess they had made† (179). One finds the roles of American financiers and the cultural and governmental endorsements that brought the world to financial ruin four years ago. .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302 , .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302 .postImageUrl , .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302 , .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302:hover , .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302:visited , .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302:active { border:0!important; } .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302:active , .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302 .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u0c80eaa927cc35a62ebcdb5a86628302:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Economic Reasons For American Independence EssayAnd yet despite such calamity, the green light embodies a human relation to memory and history, the limits within an individual and without. These limits are best embodied by Gatsby’s death and its relation to doomed business ventures (a cautionary tale? ), not to mention Daisy’s disappearance. The Green Light shines to Nick from its distant vantage, providing a meaningful meditation on life and death that only came as a result of the novel’s journey. At the risk of producing New Age brochure fodder, there’s a distinct futility within the ceaseless craving and striving that defines not just Americans like Gatsby, Nick, and Daisy, but humans everywhere. But especially Americans, in that the environment encourages an incessant drive to reach and realize an idyllic elsewhere of plenty, constancy, and prosperous, envious security that Fitzgerald understood and may have succumbed to. As for the rest of us humble and voracious Americans, the Green Light is a reminder that we can always compensate for past deprivations with the glow of our forgiving futures. Works Cited Declaration of Independence. Ushistory. org. Ed. Thomas Kindig. Independence Hall Association, N. D. Web. 29 June 2012 http;//www. ushisory. org/declaration/document/ Fitzgerald, Scott. The Great Gatsby. New York: Scribner, 1925. Print American Exceptionalism. Wikipedia Foundation. 7 June 2012. 29 June 2012.